Mathematics is a wonderful subject, however being a Maths teacher is a challenge in itself. Making students fall in love with numbers is not an easy task, but if you succeed in this mission, you get unending job satisfaction. If you have dreams of becoming a math teacher in a private school in India, it is essential to excel in the interview. To help you in this endeavour, we have put together a comprehensive list of commonly asked interview questions for Maths teacher with their detailed answers. We have prepared this list after talking to many teachers about their interview experiences.
This is a special post related to Maths interview questions. You can check out the general questions asked to a teacher during an interview here.
Common Interview Questions for Maths Teacher in India
For your ease, we have divided these interview questions for Maths teacher in two segments – Subject Specific & Aptitude Based.
Subject Specific Interview Questions
When you appear for the post of a Maths TGT or PGT, the employer wish to test your command over your subject. After talking with many experts, we have formulated this list of subject specific questions and answers:

Define a prime number and provide an example.
A prime number is a natural number greater than 1 that has no positive divisors other than 1 and itself. For example, 7 is a prime number because its only divisors are 1 and 7.

What is the difference between a permutation and a combination?
A permutation is an arrangement of objects in a specific order, while a combination is a selection of objects without regard to the order. For example, the permutations of the letters A, B, and C are ABC, ACB, BAC, etc., while the combinations are ABC, AB, AC, BC, etc.

Explain the concept of a quadratic equation and provide an example.
A quadratic equation is a polynomial equation of the form ax^2 + bx + c = 0, where a, b, and c are constants and a ≠ 0. For example, 2x^2 + 3x – 5 = 0 is a quadratic equation.

Can you explain the concept of probability and provide an example of how you would teach it to middle school students?
Probability is all about the chances of something happening. For instance, if you toss a coin, the probability of getting heads is 1/2 because there is 1 way to get heads out of 2 possible outcomes (heads or tails). To teach this to my students, I would organize activities like flipping coins or throwing a dice to show how probability works in a handson and engaging manner.

How can you help students who are weak in understanding variables in algebra?
First, I would teach about variables by giving examples from everyday life. For instance, I would explain how we can use a letter like ‘x’ to stand for something we don’t know yet. Then, I would introduce simple equations and slowly make them more challenging as we go along. To help students feel more at ease, I would give them lots of practice questions and be there to help anyone who needs extra support.

What is geometry and how can you make it interesting for students?
Geometry is the study of different shapes, sizes, and characteristics of objects. To make it easy and interesting for students, I would use visual aids like geometric shapes and models. I will give them reallife examples also e.g. observing the shape of different objects around us. I would also include practical activities such as creating shapes with clay or measuring angles in class to make the concept more clear.

How would you teach fractions and decimals in your classroom?
First I will explain the basic concepts of fractions and decimals using visual aids like fraction bars and decimal grids. I will also present the real life examples such as pizza and cake to make the concept of fraction more clear. Practical activities will be done using measuring cups for fractions and using money for decimals. In the end, I will provide many practice exercises to help the students to work on their skills.

How would you introduce the concept of percentage in your class with real lie examples and handson experience?
I would start by explaining that percentages are a way to express a part of a whole as a fraction of 100. I would then use reallife examples such as discounts in stores or calculating grades to show how percentages are used in everyday life. I will also give students many practice problems and motivate them to think logically and practically.

How will you teach trigonometry to class IX students especially who are weak in Maths?
I will introduce the basic concept of trigonometry using visual aids such as rightangled triangles and trigonometric ratios. Then I will present some real life examples of this concept so that students understand the practical usage and value of trigonometry like figuring out how tall a building is or how far away an object is. Then, I would give them enough practice questions to work on their skills.

Explain the Pythagorean theorem. How would you teach it to students?
The Pythagorean theorem explains that in a rightangled triangle, the square of the hypotenuse’s length is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. This can be written as a^2 + b^2 = c^2, where c is the length of the hypotenuse, and a and b are the lengths of the other two sides.

Explain the concept of matrices and their applications in mathematics.
A matrix is a rectangular array of numbers arranged in rows and columns. Matrices are like grids of numbers that help us solve problems involving straightline changes and equations. They’re used in math and science to understand and solve problems.
Aptitude Based Interview Questions
To test your ease with the subject, the interviewer may ask you some aptitude questions. Here is a comprehensive list of aptitude based interview questions for Maths teacher.

Why did you opt to be a Maths teacher?
I love teaching Maths because I enjoy making Math fun and easy for students. I believe everyone can enjoy this subject if it’s taught in an interesting way.

What techniques do you use to make Maths interesting for students?
I use reallife examples, games, and group activities to make math more engaging. I help students see the practical application of maths in everyday life.

How do you handle weak students?
I act calmly and patiently and use different teaching methods to help weak students. I always try to break down difficult concepts into simpler parts so that weak students can comprehend easily.

What is your way of assessment in daily classroom teaching?
I use quizzes, tests, and projects to assess students’ understanding.

Can you give an example of a challenging situation you faced while teaching mathematics and how you resolved it?
Once, some students had difficulty understanding fractions. I worked with them oneonone, used visual aids, real life examples and practiced with them until they understood the concept. The result was immensely satisfying.

How do you handle behavioural issues in the classroom?
I address behavioural issues calmly and fairly, setting clear expectations and maintaining a positive environment for learning.

How do you use technology in your math classes?
I make math lessons more fun and easy to understand by using educational software, online tools, and interactive whiteboards.

How do you ensure to give the right level of challenge to students with different skills in your math class?
I make sure to teach in a way that helps each student learn best. I desire for everyone to excel and improve their mathematical skills.
In order to be selected, you need to have a good understanding of the subject, great teaching aptitude and a strong desire to educate young students. By preparing for these common interview questions for Maths teacher, you can definitely get ahead of your competitors and grab your ideal job. Good luck!
Read Interview Questions for English Teacher here.